When it comes to removing contaminants from your water, then you need water softener solutions.
A water softener is a filtering appliance that helps to remove magnesium from water, this is necessary for every home, which is why you need to have water softener solutions to help remove pollution and germs like calcium and iron from your water sources that cause hard water. You may be wondering why it is termed hard water, hard water is a water supply that has a high quantity of magnesium and calcium absorbed into it. The same way we have hard water, we also have soft water, soft water is the water that doesn’t have too much of these minerals in it or doesn’t have it at all, like the water you get from streams and lakes and soft water is also gotten through artificial treatment and water softener appliances.
How does a water softener work
A water softener is also called an ion exchange unit, ion exchange is the common type of residential water softener you will find around, an ion exchange water softener has a chemical and physical filter process that filters the water through a natural and synthetic means called a resin that in turn dissolves and turn the calcium and magnesium ion into sodium-ion, then let the water flow out of the device, then you have soft water. Salts are added to water softeners, which means you have to occasionally keep adding salts to the water softener, so the ion exchange process would continue to work. It would get to a point where all the sodium would be replaced with minerals that causes hard water, and then the resin won’t be able to soften water anymore when it gets to this point then the water softener process would need to be changed to regeneration cycle. This cycle will backwash the resin with a salt solution, then the brine is flushed and the magnesium and calcium stuck in the resin are flushed along with it. Once the backwashing is complete then you can make use of the water softener back.
An ion exchange water softener has three main parts: a brine tank, a mineral tank, and a control valve
The brine tank: as the name implies, this is just a plastic tank that contains brine water, this tank has a highly concentrated salt or potassium solution stored in it. This brine solution flushes the mineral tank and recharges it. Remember as earlier mentioned you have to add bags of salts occasionally to your water softener, the salt or potassium is usually added to the brine tank.
The mineral tank: this is where the water softening occurs, the water filtration process takes place in the mineral tank, it also softens the hard water by removing the calcium and magnesium from it.
The control valve: this valve controls the flow of water in and out of the brine and mineral tank.
Most times small water softener models put the brine and mineral tank together into one cabinet but in this same cabinet, they separate them.